Fructose Malabsorption Diet List – What Not to Eat?
Fructose malabsorption is a digestive condition in which the body does not properly absorb the sugar fructose, thus leading to its buildup in the intestines. Fructose malabsorption symptoms are normally generalized, and they are similar to those found in people with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Stomach bloating, gas and reflux are some of the more common symptoms of the condition. However, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pains and even mental depression have occurred in individuals with the condition. The only treatment method is a fructose malabsorption diet where higher fructose foods are avoided, along with an enzyme called xylose isomerase, which can aid digestion.
Similarly to a diet for IBS, a lower fructose dietetic plan focuses on reducing and eliminating foods that cause symptoms. It is no surprise that fructose malabsorption has been linked to being a possible cause of IBS in some individuals. Thus, a diet for IBS in these persons may in fact mean that a low fructose diet can alleviate some symptoms, where fructose malabsorption is the underlying cause.
Fructose is found in many foods, even those that are not sweet or sugary, which can make developing a fructose malabsorption diet more difficult. Typically, any foods that have more than three grams of fructose should be avoided in individuals suffering from fructose intolerance in order to prevent symptoms. Pizza, cakes, pies, biscuits and noodles are all foods that should be avoided by persons suffering from fructose intolerance. They are high in fructans, and ingesting them can bring about unpleasant symptoms, especially if in large quantities. More obvious edibles to avoid include sodas and diet drinks as well as high fructose corn syrup, which can have large quantities of symptom inducing compounds.
Interestingly enough, many fresh fruits can be one of the biggest bloating causes for people with fructose malabsorption. While they are healthy and delicious, some fruits are better options on a fructose malabsorption diet because they are lower in fructose. Avoid watermelon, raisins, apples, pears and mangos. They are all considered poor choices for those dealing with an inability to process fructose. Most dried fruit, like figs and currants, also fall into this category. However, a fruit fix is still possible on a fructose malabsorption diet, as many berries, citrus fruits and stone fruit are typically deemed appropriate thanks to their lower fructose content. Peaches, plums, nectarines and apricots are all considered lower fructose fruit options (although their dry versions should still be avoided). Lemons, limes, mandarins and grapefruit are all also considered suitable for most persons with fructose malabsorption. Berries like strawberries, blueberries and raspberries are also appropriate, as well as some other fruits like pineapples and bananas.
Wines and fruit juices should be avoided in individuals that have problems digesting fructose. And, anything containing sugar alcohols such as sorbitol or manitol should also be skipped. These can bring about some of the characteristic symptoms of fructose malabsorption. Sufferers can consider replacing these options with some fructose free foods instead. Many common everyday foods contain no fructose, or so little that symptoms can be avoided. Eggs and meat are prime examples and they are packed with vitamins and nutrients as well. Other foods to consider adding to a fructose malabsoprtion diet include beans and dairy products (although if lactose is a problem the dairy should be skipped too). And, while they are not fructose free foods, many vegetables are low enough in fructose that they will produce few, if any, symptoms. Spinach, cucumbers, mushroom and leafy green vegetables are all considered appropriate for persons on a fructose malabsorption diet.
Unfortunately, there is no easy fix measure to change the way that the body deals with fructose if malabsoprtion is present. Controlling symptoms through diet is generally the only appropriate course of action. While it may seem like eliminating or reducing foods containing fructose is challenging, there are enough alternative edibles to replace them, meaning that sufferers can still enjoy a very well rounded and nutrient filled diet. Everyone is different when it comes to how much fructose their bodies can tolerate, and the beginnings of a fructose malabsorption diet often including finding which foods cause the most symptoms and avoiding them entirely. Alternatives exist for most everything excluded in a fructose malabsorption diet, and a trial and error game of symptom suppression can yield long term benefits in the form of symptom relief.